Ray Billingsley’s ‘Curtis’ comic has depicted Black family life for decades : NPR

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Curtis creator Ray Billingsley works in his house studio in Stamford, Conn.

Ray Billingsley


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Ray Billingsley


Curtis creator Ray Billingsley works in his house studio in Stamford, Conn.

Ray Billingsley

Ray Billingsley’s story is one in all nice tenacity and keenness. A veteran cartoonist and comedian artist, Billingsley is greatest often known as the creator of the strip Curtis.

Debuting in 1988, Curtis was one of many first nationally syndicated comedian strips to characteristic a largely Black forged. Right now, the strip is extensively learn in print and digital platforms. Nevertheless, as a younger Black cartoonist, Billingsley struggled to get the possibility to painting his folks by way of his work.

Curtis, 1/16/2017

Ray Billingsley/King Options Syndicate

Curtis, 1/16/2017

Ray Billingsley/King Options Syndicate

Billingsley bought his begin cartooning professionally in 1969 when he was solely 12 years outdated, becoming a member of an business that featured among the greats.

“Charles Schulz and Mort Walker, Peter Bailey, Jules Feiffer. I took one thing from everyone. All of them impressed me in numerous methods,” he says.

However he traces the roots of his characters even additional again, by way of household ties. Rising up in Harlem, his older brother was an artist who drew landscapes and portraits. Billingsley tried to imitate him — typical of youthful siblings — however turned to cartoons since he was “no good” in comparison with his brother.

“I wasn’t doing something that the fellows would do at my age round my neighborhood,” Billingsley says. “I actually began my work at 8 years outdated. I used to be already drawing on every little thing and my third-grade instructor, Mrs. Nelson, was the primary one to really see that I had any expertise.”

Curtis 2/3/16

Ray Billingsley/King Options Syndicate

Curtis 2/3/16

Ray Billingsley/King Options Syndicate

Billingsley caught the eye of an editor for Youngsters Journal whereas taking part in a seventh grade artwork venture in New York Metropolis. At simply 12 years outdated, he was employed as a employees artist for the journal and commenced cartooning professionally. Monday by way of Friday, they’d ship a automobile to drive him to the journal’s workplace downtown. His life instantly began to vary.

“That did not sit nicely amongst different seventh-graders,” Billingsley says, chuckling. “I used to be rising, studying the enterprise and getting profitable, but additionally changing into extra remoted.”

At first, cartooning grew to become a manner for him to legally earn cash as a teenager within the metropolis, however not too lengthy after, it grew to become one thing he lived, breathed and slept. “It was form of escapism for me,” Billingsley says.

Black cartooning pioneers

In 1969, Black illustration in comics, particularly syndicated comedian strips, was uncommon, although not fully unseen. Solely three months after the assassination of Martin Luther King Jr. in 1968, Franklin, the primary Black character within the extensively learn Peanuts comedian by Charles Schulz, was launched. Three years earlier than that, Morrie Turner’s Wee Buddies grew to become the primary nationally syndicated caricature by a Black cartoonist and featured an built-in group of characters.

This wasn’t Turner’s first try at diversifying syndicated comics. In 1959, his earlier work Dinky Fellas was picked up by the Chicago Defender, a serious Black newspaper. The strip was conceived with an all Black forged, although by the tip of its run, Turner had launched a number of white characters, remodeling it into Wee Buddies, a strip embracing numerous cultural backgrounds.

On his personal method to the cartooning world, Billingsley earned a full scholarship to the Faculty of Visible Arts, the place he studied beneath Will Eisner. Whereas there, his freelance work drew consideration and supported him whereas he was dwelling within the metropolis. “I used to be all the time working. In these days, New York was an actual mecca for publishing. … It helped construct my expertise,” he says.

Making an attempt to make ends meet, he designed for magazines, merchandise and greeting playing cards. He’d all the time wished to attract comics and ever since he was 16 years outdated, he would draw one caricature yearly to pitch to publishers. Six months after touchdown an internship with Walt Disney Animations, he give up to launch his first strip, Lookin’ Advantageous. The strip debuted in 1980 beneath United Characteristic Syndicate.

Lookin’ Advantageous featured an all Black forged of their 20s, however Billingsley says he did not have a lot freedom with the strip and was prevented from doing it the way in which he knew it ought to’ve been executed. Billingsley says he left inside two years after it was urged the strip’s household ought to undertake a white baby.

“I’ve to signify. I’ve to attract our folks,” Billingsley says.

Billingsley started to get acquainted with the artists he regarded as much as. He reminisces concerning the time in his 20s when he met Morrie Turner and the sentiment the second held.

“An individual rotated and it was Morrie,” he says. “He checked out me, I checked out him and we each simply smiled and we hugged. He began crying — Morrie was actual delicate. He was telling me, ‘You do not know what you are in for.’ ”

“He gave me the recommendation, he stated, ‘Should you actually wish to make it on this discipline with no downside, draw white children or draw animals.’ “

Creating Curtis

Billingsley describes himself as in search of longevity quite than simpler, short-term success in an business the place some did not see the significance of drawing Black folks and telling Black tales.

“Through the early days, I additionally needed to take care of little prejudices right here and there, and imagine me, in publishing, they’d let you know flat out: ‘Oh, nicely, we do not assume you will accomplish that good as a result of Blacks cannot learn.’ All these unfavourable issues truly made me work more durable.”

In 1988, Curtis debuted beneath King Options Syndicate, that includes a largely Black forged. The strip particulars the lifetime of a close-knit, up to date Black household dwelling within the interior metropolis. It facilities on the 11-year-old hilariously relatable title character Curtis and his little brother, Barry.

The day by day adventures are each acquainted and comforting, whereas additionally highlighting real-deal points and the nuances of a much bigger, shared Black expertise — which was one thing not usually seen in newspaper comics.

Curtis 9/24/2020

Ray Billingsley/King Options Syndicate

Curtis 9/24/2020

Ray Billingsley/King Options Syndicate

Over greater than three a long time, Curtis has gained over the hearts of hundreds of thousands of readers and continues to evolve with its viewers.

Curtis 2/7/2022

Ray Billingsley/King Options Syndicate

Curtis 2/7/2022

Ray Billingsley/King Options Syndicate

After dwelling most of his life on a deadline, Billingsley was awarded the Reuben Award for Excellent Cartoonist of the 12 months in 2021, changing into its first Black recipient. Annually, the award is chosen by a secret poll of the Nationwide Cartoonists Society. Amongst its notable recipients are Charles Schulz, Mort Walker and Jim Davis.

Billingsley is disenchanted that it took so lengthy for the award to go to a Black cartoonist. “It has been 75 years for the reason that Reuben was out and right here I’m. The very first,” he says.

Although the acknowledgment of his work took time, his motivation has by no means revolved round recognition. “I wished extra folks to get into it,” he says. “That is what I’ve all the time wished.”

Ashley Pointer is an NPR Music intern.

One of Evolution’s Oddest Creatures Finds a Fossilized Family Member

Of all of the unknown creatures unearthed from the Burgess Shale — a cache of exceptional Cambrian fossils deposited within the Canadian Rockies — none has been fairly as transfixing as Opabinia. And for good purpose — with 5 compound eyes and a trunk-like nozzle that led to a claw, Opabinia appears otherworldly, like one thing imagined in a science fiction novel, quite than a swimmer in Earth’s oceans some 500 hundreds of thousands years in the past.

In “Fantastic Life,” his best-selling opus on the Burgess Shale, the evolutionary biologist Stephen Jay Gould labeled Opabinia as a “bizarre surprise,” and stated it belonged among the many pantheon of evolutionary icons like Archaeopteryx, Tyrannosaurus rex and archaic human ancestors.

Nonetheless, Opabinia has remained shrouded in evolutionary thriller due to a irritating lack of fossils. The majority of Opabinia specimens have been collected greater than a century in the past and the creature has by no means been discovered exterior of the Burgess Shale.

Which was why Stephen Pates, a paleontologist, was so perplexed when he stumbled upon an odd fossil saved on the Pure Historical past Museum at Kansas College in 2017. On the time, Dr. Pates was a graduate pupil learning the range of radiodonts, Cambrian predators that sported greedy, claw-like appendages. However the ghostly orange imprint earlier than him lacked the trademark appendages.

“Once I first checked out it, I wasn’t certain what it was, however I wasn’t bought that it was a radiodont,” stated Dr. Pates, who’s at present a researcher on the College of Cambridge.

The fossil had been unearthed in western Utah, and it had zigzagging physique flaps and a tail brimming with sufficient spikes to make a Stegosaurus jealous. The traits have been harking back to Opabinia, however the creature’s poorly preserved head was little greater than a crimson smear, obscuring the proboscis and beneficiant allotment of eyes.

To find out the id of the Cambrian creature, Dr. Pates teamed up with a number of researchers at Harvard College, the place he was a postdoctoral researcher, to run the fossil by means of quite a lot of phylogenetic assessments. They in contrast 125 of the fossil’s traits with greater than 50 teams of recent and extinct arthropods and constructed detailed evolutionary bushes.

In keeping with Joanna Wolfe, a analysis affiliate at Harvard and co-author of the brand new analysis, the evolutionary bushes allowed the crew to rule out radiodonts and conclude that the brand new fossil was probably intently associated to Opabinia, the Burgess Shale’s lonely surprise.

In a paper printed Wednesday in Proceedings of the Royal Society B, the crew described the fossil as solely the second opabiniid ever found. They named the brand new species Utaurora comosa, after the Roman goddess of the daybreak, Aurora, who turned her lover right into a cicada — one of many innumerable arthropods that got here after Utaurora.

Whereas the animal nonetheless appears extra alien than arthropod, the researchers imagine that Utaurora represents an essential predecessor to the evolution of bugs and crustaceans. Opabiniids have been the primary teams to own backward-facing mouths and their furrowed flaps seem to have been a precursor to segmentation, each widespread traits of recent arthropods, based on Dr. Pates.

Nonetheless, it wouldn’t resemble any arthropod residing immediately. Because it undulated by means of an historic sea with its flaps and spiky tail fan, Utaurora probably wielded its proboscis to shovel meals into its mouth. Opabinia seemed comparable, though there have been key variations between the 2 species. The youthful Utaurora sported extra spikes on its tail and, at simply over 1 inch lengthy, its physique was half the dimensions of Opabinia’s.

The researchers imagine the brand new discovery places Opabinia in context, illustrating that one of many planet’s strangest creatures was not only a one hit surprise. “They have been a part of the larger image of what was occurring and never simply this bizarre curiosity,” Dr. Pates stated.

Whereas Opabinia is now not distinctive, the minuscule sea creature isn’t any much less fascinating to Dr. Wolfe, who grew up studying “Fantastic Life,” and credit Gould’s enthralling description of Opabinia as a catalyst for her paleontological profession.

“I assume it’s not truly such a bizarre surprise now, however I don’t assume that makes it much less of a surprise,” she says. “It’s simply not so bizarre.”